The Two People We're All Related To

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  • Published on:  Tuesday, October 23, 2018
  • Check out Two Cents: https://www.faceclips.net/channel/UCL8w_A8p8P1HWI3k6PR5Z6w

    Due to an odd quirk of genetics and some unique evolutionary circumstances, two humans who lived at different times in the distant past managed to pass on a very small fraction of their genomes to you. And to me. To all of us.

    Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios

    Super special thanks to the following Patreon patrons for helping make Eons possible:

    Katie Fichtner, Aldo Espinosa Zúñiga, Anthony Callaghan, الخليفي سلطان, Gabriel Cortez, Marcus Lejon, Anel Salas, Robert Arévalo, Robert Hill, Kelby Reid, Todd Dittman, Betsy Radley, Svetlana Pylaeva, Colin Sylvester, Philip Slingerland, John Vanek, Jose Garcia, Noah offitzer, Eric Vonk, Tony Wamsley, Henrik Peteri, Jonathan Wright, Jon Monteiro, James Bording, Brad Nicholls, Miles Chaston, Michael McClellan, Jeff Graham, Maria Humphrey, Nathan Paskett, Connor Jensen, Sapjes, Daisuke Goto, Hubert Rady, Yuntao Zhou, Gregory Kintz, Tyson Cleary, Chandler Bass, Maly Lor, Joao Ascensao. Tsee Lee, Sarah Fritts, Ruben Winter, Ron Harvey Jr, Joshua Mitchell, Johnny Li, Jacob Gerke, Alex Yan

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    References:
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3334592/
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3267120/
    https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/f4ee/6bfac21f39ac51fc306ba3100c2ebd2ee61a.pdf
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5892150/
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4032117/
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5500864/
    http://haplogroup-a.com/Ancient-Root-AJHG2013.pdf
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5418327/
    http://ase.tufts.edu/chemistry/hhmi/documents/Protocols/Maternal%20Ancestry_Introduction_Reworked_Aug_25_2011.pdf
    http://pages.ucsd.edu/~dkjordan/resources/clarifications/MitochondrialEve.html
    https://www.cell.com/action/showPdf?pii=S0960-9822%2813%2900215-7
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4367903/
    https://www.cell.com/action/showPdf?pii=S0002-9297%2809%2900163-3
    https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg22429904-500-found-closest-link-to-eve-our-universal-ancestor/
    https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/no-mitochondrial-eve-not-first-female-species-180959593/
    https://www.nature.com/news/genetic-adam-and-eve-did-not-live-too-far-apart-in-time-1.13478
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5525259/
    https://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/evolution-y-chromosome
    http://www.pnas.org/content/106/38/16018
    https://www.nature.com/articles/jhg2012154
    https://academic.oup.com/mbe/article/27/8/1833/988857
    https://www.nature.com/articles/325031a0
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2694979/
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4381518/
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28086175
  • Source: https://youtu.be/YNQPQkV3nhw
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Comment

  • V-cast716

    V-cast716

     8 hours ago

    I was expecting this to be a Christian video

  • Billiee. Avoocadoo.Eilish

    Billiee. Avoocadoo.Eilish

     13 hours ago +1

    I'm..I'm related to my crush?

  • Dang Talon

    Dang Talon

     20 hours ago

    Alex and Steve

  • Rey Gomez

    Rey Gomez

     yesterday

    So this proves that we are all one race no matter what color u ARE...Now if you are a reptilian than you are not my family.

  • Aaron J

    Aaron J

     yesterday

    hey y'all. I'm one of them Kardashians then

  • Grislock

    Grislock

     yesterday

    THE MIGHTY MIGHTY MITOCHONDRIA

  • Im Morky

    Im Morky

     yesterday

    Transgenders have left the chat*

  • Duffel Bag

    Duffel Bag

     yesterday

    soo..am i allowed to say the N word now

  • reuben carrick

    reuben carrick

     yesterday

    I can't concentrate on the content of the video due to the man's wrinkled shirt

  • Gabe X babe

    Gabe X babe

     yesterday

    Sweet home Alabama!!!

  • Dylan L

    Dylan L

     yesterday

    L3 or bust .
    Wheel clan ftw

  • Dylan L

    Dylan L

     yesterday

    Every race is closely related to each other compared too each groups within Africa.

  • Sergio Alcantara

    Sergio Alcantara

     yesterday

    We all come from the same two people, yet we all hate each other. How stupid is that? Lol.

  • Shashank Kumar

    Shashank Kumar

     yesterday

    The nation state is an artificial construct. We are all one big family that inhabits the entire Earth.

  • Gale Mara

    Gale Mara

     yesterday

    When you realize that a distant cousin died today, ☹️
    But a new one is born

  • Anke

    Anke

     2 days ago

    Can you make a video about the domestication of our evolutionary besties: dogs?

  • Nikki Berry

    Nikki Berry

     2 days ago +1

    So, the saying "we're more alike than we are different" has more than 1 meaning.

  • Hand Over

    Hand Over

     2 days ago +2

    1 like = 1 nice head massage for grandma in heaven

  • Fabian Lopez

    Fabian Lopez

     2 days ago

    Guess I’m in the clear from sleeping with my cousin

  • Just Looking

    Just Looking

     2 days ago +1

    There was no quirk. 30,000 yrs ago there was an unknown catastrophe & the human pop. Dropped to 3,000 on entire planet.