Your Place in the Primate Family Tree

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  • Published on:  Tuesday, October 16, 2018
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    Purgatorius, a kind of mammal called a plesiadapiform, might’ve been one of your earliest ancestors. But how did we get from a mouse-sized creature that looked more like a squirrel than a monkey -- to you, a member of Homo sapiens?

    Thanks to Ceri Thomas for the Purgatorius reconstruction. Check out more of Ceri's paleoart at http://alphynix.tumblr.com and http://nixillustration.com

    And thanks as always to Nobumichi Tamura for allowing us to use his wonderful paleoart: http://spinops.blogspot.com/

    Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios

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    References:
    http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/clad/clad1.html
    https://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/the-molecular-clock-and-estimating-species-divergence-41971
    https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/overview-of-hominin-evolution-89010983
    https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/hominoid-origins-135874580
    https://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/phylogenetics_08
    https://www.amnh.org/explore/news-blogs/news-posts/darwin-s-evolutionary-trees
    http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/genetics
    http://users.tamuk.edu/kfjab02/Biology/Mammalogy/systematics/A5primates.htm
    https://askananthropologist.asu.edu/stories/our-primate-heritage
    https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/characteristics-of-crown-primates-105284416
    http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/black_spider_monkey
    https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/primate-origins-and-the-plesiadapiforms-106236783
    http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Hominidae/
    https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/hominin-taxonomy-and-phylogeny-what-s-in-142102877
    http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2012/08/generation-gaps-suggest-ancient-human-ape-split
    https://www.eva.mpg.de/3chimps/files/apes.htm
    https://www.nature.com/news/dna-mutation-clock-proves-tough-to-set-1.17079#/b2
    http://www.pnas.org/content/112/5/1487
    Collard, M., & Wood, B. (2013). Defining the genus Homo. Handbook of Paleoanthropology: Vol I: Principles, Methods and Approaches Vol II: Primate Evolution and Human Origins Vol III: Phylogeny of Hominids, 1-31.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12644563
    http://www.els.net/WileyCDA/ElsArticle/refId-a0020813.html
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29109469
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29342307
    https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ajpa.1330400309
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/4964406
    https://www.nature.com/articles/nature10842
    https://academic.oup.com/mbe/article-abstract/20/10/1620/1164065
    http://science.sciencemag.org/content/349/6251/931
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28429568
    https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev-earth-063016-015637
    https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/evan.20177
    http://science.sciencemag.org/content/347/6228/1352
    https://www.nature.com/articles/nature09094
  • Source: https://youtu.be/dUKV02uYEu0
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Comment

  • PBS Eons

    PBS Eons

     a years ago +204

    Hi everyone in the comment section! Just to echo what Kallie said at the beginning of the episode: our first-ever sticker is available now. Designed by the brilliant paleoartist Franz Anthony! Check it out: https://store.dftba.com/collections/eons/products/eons-sticker-decal

  • SPACEMONKEY288

    SPACEMONKEY288

     yesterday

    this channel is amazing!! absolutely love it dont stop!

  • Thomas

    Thomas

     yesterday

    4:13 T- That's australopithecus afarensis...

  • Inquisitive

    Inquisitive

     2 days ago

    Dang, great grand daddy made it through the dinosaur extinction and danced on a T-Rex carcass.

  • Call Me Perseverer1

    Call Me Perseverer1

     14 days ago

    All right imma head out

  • Patrick Loney

    Patrick Loney

     14 days ago

    My brain... Man it would be nice just to go back a few thousand years just to observe humans

  • Kairikey

    Kairikey

     21 days ago

    Whenever I see an evolution tree of life I always thought how human centric the shape become... the slope are all leaning to human. I understand that it make sense since it's us who want to know who we are related to and all but still...

  • Matt Bonneville

    Matt Bonneville

     21 days ago

    I'm waiting for my back-hair to go silver so I can be the dominant ape in my tribe.

  • Stefan The RainbowPhoenix

    Stefan The RainbowPhoenix

     21 days ago

    Why are they called Purgatorius ceratops when they don't have horns on their heads? Ceratops means "horned face".

  • Daphne Széles

    Daphne Széles

     28 days ago

    this is like a motivational pep talk

  • Evie Hankins

    Evie Hankins

     1 months ago +1

    wow, that was amazingly intense. Thanks for making this video :)

  • Gail Ranson

    Gail Ranson

     1 months ago

    Every episode its always' and Steve.' Who is this Steve of which they speak ?

  • William Jordan

    William Jordan

     1 months ago

    Does the genetically determined date of the last common ancestor of chimps and humans come after the date of the 1st fossil of a human? The video seemed to imply that although I may have missed something.

  • A. C. Tort

    A. C. Tort

     1 months ago

    Are we still evolving?

  • Cody Crowley

    Cody Crowley

     1 months ago

    Humans have stopped evolving, natural selection no longer applies when we no longer live in nature & everyone's genes get passed on, you could have the smartest human ever never breed & pass on its genes while the dumbest has like 12 kids, the strong breed shure but so do the weak, the genetically speaking inferior, with health problems & what not, we've advanced past the point of evolution, at least from a survival of the fittest perspective

  • Sid Dasgupta

    Sid Dasgupta

     1 months ago

    Makes sense. If you believe that your great great ... great grandfather was a primate, you will act as a primate After all it comes naturally

  • The Mad Titan

    The Mad Titan

     1 months ago

    1:19 Homo Sapiens Buttus Magnificens!!!

  • TrollBuster

    TrollBuster

     1 months ago

    Go back far enough and we’re all one big happy family 😁

  • Skyler Arroniz

    Skyler Arroniz

     1 months ago

    Most people= we evolved from monkeys

    Eons= actually we evolved from squirrels

  • 73honda350

    73honda350

     1 months ago

    I'm a proud "primate supremecist" and condemn inter-order relationships and breeding - anyone who is mixed-order is just sub-primate! But same sex marriage/relationships within the order is fine. Allow me to introduce my lemur husband, Alvin.